When I say Egypt the first thing that probably pops into your head is the never ending desert or the pyramids that lay on top of the desert. You might even think of the city of Cairo. What else could possibly be in Egypt? It all seems so bare. Every place on earth has land to it that most people know nothing about. Let’s venture farther into Egyptian geography.
Weird to think that Egypt is actually a part of Africa because there are mostly Arabs that live there; even the cultures between North Africa and South Africa are pretty different. Egypt is located in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula. Not only does Egypt border Libya and the Gaza Strip, but it also borders Israel and Sudan. Egypt takes up a total area of 1,001,450 square miles and is more than eight times the size of Ohio and just slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico.
Let’s get to the physical geography, since you’re all dying to know! Generally speaking, Egypt doesn’t offer much in terms of a variety of different landscapes. This country’s landmass is made up of flat desert and provides little to no vegetation, and there’s a coastline. Thanks to one of the most famous rivers in the world (The Nile) the Delta north of the city of Cairo provides cotton and rice growing crops. Not much to it, huh? Way back when, Ancient Egyptians divided Egypt into two types of land, the ‘black land’ and the ‘red land’. The ‘black land’ was the fertile land that lied along the banks of the Nile River. Ancient Egyptians used this land for growing crops and farming. The ‘red land’ was desert and was considered to protect Egypt from their neighboring countries and other invading armies. The desert also provided the Egyptians with a source of precious metals and other precious stones.
Egypt’s climate is as you would expect. The average temperature is usually dry and hot, and it’s so hot in the summer that there are risks of dehydration and heat exhaustion. The winters are usually temperate and mild, often overcast and they even have rainfall sometimes.
Not only does Egypt provide the resources of rice and cotton but it also provides other resources such as petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc and other rare earth elements.
As of July 2015, the population of Egypt was 88,487,396 people with a population growth rate of 1.79%. They have about 23 births per 1,000 people and five deaths per 1,000 people. The urban population is 43.1% of the total population with 18.772 million people living in the capital of Cairo and 4.778 million living in Alexandria.
If you’re up for extremely hot temperatures in a desert like landscape and love the state of Arizona, there’s a good chance you’ll probably fall in love with the country of Egypt as well! It doesn’t have much to offer physical geography wise, but you can make the best of it! Who knows? Maybe Egypt will be one of the most unique places you’ll ever visit in your lifetime!
CIA. “AFRICA:: EGYPT.” The World Factbook (2015): 0-1. Website.