Like most of you have probably dreamed about going to New Zealand, I’ve dreamed about it too. I’ve known quite a few people that have traveled to there and going backpacking or hiking. However, I’ve never really known or had any idea of what New Zealand is actually like, the culture, the lifestyle and even the geography. Good thing I’ve been researching so I can provide both you and me with some background information on the physical features of this mysterious place.
New Zealand is southeast of Australia pretty much composed of two major islands that stretch north and south, but also includes a smaller island. New Zealand also includes the territories of The Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands. The areas of the islands themselves are almost twice the size of North Carolina and about the size of Colorado, with a total land area of 267,710 square kilometers. The North Island of New Zealand is home to the main cities and the largest city, Auckland. The Island is made up of rolling green hills filled with horses and sheep, forests, mud pools, geysers and even active volcanoes. The South island is a bit different than the North, and includes snow-covered Alps, British-style towns and glaciers. The third island (Stewart Island) is undeveloped and looks like a combination of both the North and South Islands. Overall, the terrain would be described as mostly mountainous with large coastal plains. The climate of New Zealand is pretty temperate in the South and a bit more subtropical in the North. The North Island doesn’t necessarily have any extreme heat or cold, but winter can be really cold in the South Island, with snow on the mountain tops. The amount of agricultural land use is about 43.2% and approximately 31.4% and 25.4% other land use. That other land use could be associated with the mud pools, glaciers etc. There are many natural resources that New Zealand provides for its people and for the world, some of them include natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold and limestone.
The population of New Zealand is 4,438,393 people as of July 2015 and the population growth rate 0.82%. There are about 13 births per 1,000 people and nearly 7 deaths per 1,000 people. The urban population makes up 86.3% of the total population, with the rate of urbanization being near 1.05%. The largest city of Auckland has about 1.344 million people while the capital of Wellington has 383,000 people.
All in all, New Zealand sounds like a wonderful place to vacation. New Zealand is home to volcanoes, glaciers, mountains and green hills full of amazing animals. Due to all the gorgeous physical features New Zealand has to offer as well as the awesome climate, I’m fairly positive there are plenty of awesome activities that can also be done. I suggest that if you ever get the chance to visit New Zealand, you take it and experience all it has to offer.
CIA. “Austrailia-Oceania:: New Zealand.” The World Factbook (2015): 1. Website.