Despite how close Canada is to the Unites States, many people don’t know what kind of geography Canada has to offer. I’m sure you’re thinking that Canada’s land, climate and even resources can’t be much different than The United States, and that’s somewhat true, but every place is different.
Canada is the northern country of North America bordering of course The United States of America, The Atlantic Ocean, The Arctic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. It’s the largest country in the America’s and the second largest country in the world, containing ten provinces, three territories and stretching about 2,879 miles. The terrain of Canada is very similar to that of The United States, there are mostly plains with mountains in the east and along the southeast there are lowlands. Just like The United States, Canada’s landscape is very diverse. Canada also contains the Rocky Mountains, lakes, rivers, grasslands, prairies, forests and Niagara Falls. One of Canada’s most famous rivers is the St. Lawrence River which is both a part of The United States and Canada. Canada has at least 2-3 million lakes, which is more than all the other countries combined! Canada’s land use for agriculture is 6.8%, while 34.1% is forest and 59.1% is pretty much frozen. Generally, Canada varies from temperate in the southern part to cold, frozen and arctic in the north.
Just like the United States (Once again) Canada is able to obtain a vast variety of natural resources, some you probably have never even heard of. There are at least 18 different resources that have been found throughout all of Canada, they are: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas and hydro power.
The entire country of Canada contains approximately 35,099,856 people. The rate of urbanization is 1.22% and about 81.8% of all people that live in Canada, live in urban areas. In the city of Toronto, there are 5.993 million people, in Montreal there’s 3.981 million, in Vancouver the population is 2.485 million, in Calgary its 1.337 million, in Ottawa (Canada’s capital) there are 1.326 million people and in Edmonton the population is 1.272 million people. These cities are mostly near the southern part of Canada, meaning that the Canadian people prefer to live in the warmer climates of Canada as oppose to the colder parts of Canada (which are located in the north).
If you like the United States, then there’s a good chance that you might enjoy Canada as well. Canada’s diverse geography allow for many diverse activities. If you would like to participate in winter activities such as skiing or snowboarding, then the best time to visit Canada is anytime from December to April because that’s when Canada is the coldest and the snowiest. If you’d like to explore the outdoors then the best time to go to Canada is during the summer months, because that’s when the weather is warmer. Either way Canada offers quite a bit in regards to its physical features and is a great place to visit at any given time.
Canada, Government of. “Geology.” Natural Resources Canada (06-08-2015): 1. Website.
CIA. “North America::Canada.” The World Factbook (2015): 1. Website.